Stocks fell on Friday with the S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite retreating from records, as investors reassessed the outlook for President Joe Biden's ambitious Covid stimulus plan.
The Dow Jones Industrial average dropped 200 points, or 0.6%, while S&P 500 fell 0.5%. The Nasdaq Composite dipped 0.4% The tech-heavy benchmark and the S&P 500 both reached record closing highs on Thursday. The Dow set a record earlier in the week.
Dow-component IBM fell more than 9% after the company reported fourth-quarter sales below where analysts were expecting. Revenue fell 6% on an annualized basis, the fourth consecutive quarter of declines.
Intel shares retreated 5% following a 6% pop on Thursday after it released better-than-expected earnings just before the closing bell.
A growing number of Republicans have expressed doubts over the need for another stimulus bill, especially one with a price tag of $1.9 trillion proposed by Biden. Meanwhile, Democratic Sen. Joe Manchin has criticized the size of the latest round of proposed stimulus checks. Dissent from either party carries weight for Biden, who took office with a slim majority in Congress.
"The political reality of Washington is starting to impact markets, and it's becoming more unclear when Democrats' ambitious stimulus goals will become law," said Tom Essaye, founder of Sevens Report.
Cyclical sectors, those would benefit the most from additional stimulus, have been lagging the broader market this week. Energy and financials have both lost more than 1% week to date, while materials are also down.
Tech companies, which largely don't need a stimulus to spark growth, led the charge. Hopes for a robust earnings season from the country's largest communications and tech stocks have kept the mega-cap stocks trending upward this week, and the major indexes near records, during the holiday-shortened week.
Apple and Facebook have risen 7.7% and 8.6%, respectively, this week ahead of their quarterly results, while Microsoft has gained 5.8%.
With the S&P 500 up another 2% this year and up 16% over the last 12 months, some investors believe the market may be getting ahead of itself as hiccups with the vaccine rollout and economic reopening remained likely going forward.
"The Covid pendulum, which normally emphasizes vaccine optimism over the harsh near-term reality, is swinging back towards the latter (for now) as epicenter stocks get hit hard in Europe," Adam Crisafulli, founder of Vital Knowledge, said in a note Friday.
The S&P 500 is up 2.3% for the week so far. The Dow is up 1.2% and the Nasdaq Composite is up 4%.
Meanwhile, the Senate is expected on Friday to overwhelmingly confirm former Fed Chair Janet Yellen as Biden's Treasury secretary. If confirmed, she would be the first woman to lead the department.